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Pólipos cervicales - Overview

Definición:

Son neoplasias en forma de dedo en la parte inferior del útero que conecta con la vagina ( cuello uterino).

Causas, incidencia y factores de riesgo:

La causa de los pólipos cervicales no se ha comprendido completamente. Pueden presentarse con:

  • Una respuesta anormal al aumento en los niveles de la hormona femenina estrógeno
  • Inflamación crónica
  • Obstrucción de los vasos sanguíneos en el cuello uterino

Los pólipos cervicales son comunes, en especial en las mujeres mayores de 20 años de edad que han tenido hijos, y son raros en mujeres jóvenes que no han empezado a menstruar.

La mayoría de las mujeres solamente presenta un pólipo, pero algunas mujeres tienen dos o tres.

  • Reviewed last on: 2/22/2010
  • Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, University of Washington, School of Medicine; Susan Storck, MD, FACOG, Chief, Eastside Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Group Health Cooperative of Puget Sound, Redmond, Washington; Clinical Teaching Faculty, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

Referencias

Katz VL. Benign gynecologic lesions: Vulva, vagina, cervix, uterus, oviduct, ovary. In: Katz VL, Lentz GM, Lobo RA, Gershenson DM, eds. Comprehensive Gynecology. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2007:chap 18.

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