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Distrofia muscular - Overview

Nombres alternativos

Miopatía hereditaria; DM


Es un grupo de trastornos que involucra debilidad muscular y pérdida del tejido muscular, las cuales empeoran con el tiempo.

Causas, incidencia y factores de riesgo:

Las distrofias musculares (DM) son un grupo de afecciones hereditarias, lo cual significa que se transmiten de padres a hijos. Pueden presentarse en la niñez o en la adultez. Hay muchos tipos diferentes de distrofia muscular que abarcan:

  • Reviewed last on: 3/9/2010
  • Neil K. Kaneshiro, MD, MHA, Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine; Daniel B. Hoch, PhD, MD, Assistant Professor of Neurology, Harvard Medical School, Department of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.


Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF. Muscular dystrophies. In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 18th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 608.

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