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Lesión del ligamento lateral interno de la rodilla - Overview

Nombres alternativos

Lesión en el ligamento medial colateral de la rodilla (LCM); Lesión en el LCM

Definición:

Es una lesión al ligamento de la parte interna de la rodilla, el cual mantiene la tibia (hueso de la espinilla) en su lugar.

Puede tratarse de un estiramiento, ruptura parcial o completa del ligamento.

Consideraciones generales:

El ligamento lateral interno (LLI) va desde la superficie superior interna de la parte superior de la tibia hasta la superficie inferior interna del fémur.

Este ligamento ayuda a mantener estable la porción interna de la articulación de la rodilla.

Causas:

El ligamento lateral interno (LLI) generalmente se lesiona por presión o tensión sobre la parte externa de la rodilla. Un bloqueo a la parte externa de la rodilla durante un juego de fútbol es una forma común para que este ligamento se lesione.

A menudo, este ligamento se lesiona al mismo tiempo que se presenta la lesión del ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA).

  • Reviewed last on: 6/13/2010
  • Linda J. Vorvick, Medical Director, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, University of Washington School of Medicine; and C. Benjamin Ma, MD, Assistant Professor, Chief, Sports Medicine and Shoulder Service, UCSF Department of Orthopaedic Surgery. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

Referencias

De Carlo M, Armstrong B. Rehabilitation of the knee following sports injury. Clin Sports Med. 2010; 29:81-106.

Singhal M, Patel J, Johnson D. Medical ligament injuries: 1. Medical collateral ligament injuries in adults. In: DeLee JC, Drez D Jr., Miller MD, eds. DeLee and Dree's Orthopaedic Sports Medicine. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier;2009:chap 23;sect C.

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