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Anemia megaloblástica - Overview

Definición:

Es un trastorno sanguíneo en el cual se presenta anemia con glóbulos rojos que son más grandes de lo normal.

La anemia es una afección en la cual el cuerpo no tiene suficientes glóbulos rojos saludables. Los glóbulos rojos le suministran oxígeno a los tejidos corporales.

Causas:

La anemia megaloblástica generalmente es causada por deficiencia de ácido fólico o de vitamina B12.

Otras causas menos comunes son:

Los factores de riesgo están relacionados con las causas.

Ver también:

  • Reviewed last on: 5/9/2011
  • A.D.A.M. Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, and David R. Eltz. Previously reviewed by Yi-Bin Chen, MD, Leukemia/Bone Marrow Transplant Program, Massachusetts General Hospital (1/31/2010).

Referencias

Antony AC. Megoblastic anemias. In: Hoffman R, Benz EJ, Shattil SS, et al., eds. Hematology: Basic Principles and Practice. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Elsevier Churchill Livingstone; 2008:chap 39.

Kaferie J, Strzoda CE. Evaluation of macrocytosis. Am Fam Physician. 2009;79:203-208.

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